Nearly all babies have birthmarks and of course they are not dangerous. Although indeed, there are some that need special attention for example if the birthmark is growing or if it is red mark around the eyes that causes pain (hemangiomas). There are some babies that have their birthmarks develop after they born and there also those who have the birthmarks faded. The others have them permanent.
Milia and Baby Acne
The second skin condition is milia and baby acne. It is common for milia to occur in babies’ skin. It is usually because of hormonal problems. We can see milia as pearly white bumps on the nose, chin, or cheeks. It is usually disappear within a few weeks on its own. You just need to apply mild baby soap. You should also avoid lotions and oils.
On the other hand, baby acne usually occurs as red or white bumps on the forehead or cheeks. Different from milia, it rarely signs hormonal problems. Although is also disappear on its own, it needs longer time than milia that is a few months. The treatment is the same with milia. However, you consult to your daughter if it doesn’t disappear after three months.
Cradle cap is also skin condition that disappears on its own. However, if you want to treat it, you can shampoo your babies’ hair with a mild baby shampoo. You can also use adult dandruff shampoo but you need doctor prescription. Cradle cap usually occurs on newborn babies and is characterized by yellow, crusty/ greasy and scaly patches.
Most of the babies using diaper have diaper rash. It is caused by chafing, contacting with urine and tools, yeast infections and reaction to diaper material. You can treat diaper rash by applying zinx oxide or petrolatum gently. You have also let the bottom of your babies feel the air as much as possible. If it is getting serious like bleeding or does not disappear within 48 to 72 hours, you have to consult with the experts. If the rash caused by yeast infections, you may get an antifungal cream from doctors. Diaper rash caused by yeast infections usually marks with a bright red rash (red dots) in the diaper area.
Rather than having diaper rash and then treat it, it will be better to prevent it. To prevent diaper rash, you can change the diaper directly when it is needed. You also may use baby wipes to clean the babies’ bottom and make sure that your babies’ bottom is dry. After that, you can apply petroleum jelly. Next, the diaper shouldn’t be too tight.
There are two kind s of dermatitis. They are atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis. The first is atopic dermatitis. It is marked by itching, redness, and small bumps on the cheeks, forehead or scalp. It can also spread to arms and trunk if you do not treat it. When the babies grow, it will occur in the elbows, knees, wrists and ankles. It is usually found in babies whom their family has the same condition or other allergies. It has no cure but you still can treat it. You can avoid long, hot bath and moisturizing frequently. You can also use non-steroidal or steroid cream and antihistamines to overcome the itching.
The second one is contact dermatitis. It is caused by irritation to bubble baths, rough fabrics, the babies’ own drool or allergy to shoe glue, clothing dyes, nickel jewelry, etc. You can treat the babies by giving a mild cortisone ointment. For the itching, you can use lukewarm compress or antihistamines. If it gets worse, then you have to contact your doctor.
Roseola is a kind of viral infection that commonly occurs among children. It starts with sudden high fever. When the fever down, the children will have splotchy rash in the whole body. You can treat them by giving plenty clear fluids to drink, lukewarm sponge baths, acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Complication like seizures or encephatilis may occur. It will be better for your children to keep a distance from others while they are sick. However, after the fewer down, they play again with their friends.
Those are some skins conditions that usually occur in babies and children. Each of them has different causes and needs different treatment. It is important for parents to know them so they can act as they should be.
Source: Healthy Children Magazine, Fall 2007