Condition of premature infants is especially vulnerable. They are often born with the variety of problems in the organs and have a high possibility of organ malfunction. In recent times, many developed countries have not been able to reduce the chances of death and disability in premature infants. This problem should be recognized by the parents with the premature babies.
With all the worst possibility, many hospitals and doctors offer special treatment for a premature baby care. Cases handled, and the age of the baby at birth would be a neonatologist consideration in determining medical treatment is needed. Neonatologist will be instrumental in addressing the condition of the baby after birth with the variety of medical problems encountered.
We present some of the medical problems commonly faced by babies born prematurely.
Apnea and Bradycardia
Many cases indicate Apnea with the cessation of breath due to the condition of abnormal heart beats. This heart condition called bradicardia. Apnea causes a decrease in oxygen levels that are known by pulse oximetry. Some babies develop this condition when the process moves from hospital care to home care. Some parents will be very shocked this condition.
Chronic Lung Disease/Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)
Premature infants with BPD will require long-term oxygen. This is due to a chronic lung condition that they have not been able to evolve and dangerous if left without supplemental oxygen supply. Steps to take are to seek maximum growth in the lungs.
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)
Some babies have bad conditions on the development of the eye and vision. In this case, it indicated by the lack of development of the retina. Many cases can be cured without treatment. However, special cases requiring medical care if things get worse. The role of optometrists to provide a diagnosis and suggestions are highly recommended for parent’s awareness of eye care to their preterm infants.
This condition commonly recognized in infants as levels of bilirubin in the blood increases. In premature babies, this condition would be less difficult to overcome. Irradiation is done to overcome this condition. The treatments usually done by use a UV lamp in the incubator and avoid exposure to the eye.
Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)
Lung disorders due to poorly developed RDS will interfere with breathing will occur because not maximal lung development and the lack of surfactant in the baby’s body fluids. This would threaten the safety of his life.
Treatment can be given to treat premature infants with RDS disorders are by giving surfactant through the ventilator. In addition to maintaining oxygen levels, meeting the needs of oxygen also supports various functions of other organs, including the baby’s brain growth.