It may seem like only yesterday that your baby was content with sitting on the floor propped up by a pillow and watching the world go by. Now, your baby has an active interest in the world. A 10-month old baby is starting to move by shuffling, crawling, and scooting their way around to have a nosy about in the surrounding area. This should be encouraged, as your baby is learning every time he or she sees, hears, smells, and touches something new.
Yet, with your babies increased capabilities come increased risks and dangers. You’ll now have to make sure your home is thoroughly baby proofed in order to keep your child away from sharp objects, high surfaces, and other dangerous scenarios. This article offers information on how to keep your baby safe, along with other tips and suggestions about caring for a 10-month baby.
Baby Development by Month: Tenth Month
All of your baby’s senses develop as they get older. Now they can see distant objects, recognize foods that they like by their scent, and turn towards their parents’ voices when they speak. Your child will also be processing a lot of sensory information via touch. Playing with objects of all shapes and sizes will encourage your child to learn about different textures and dimensions. As a result of this, it’s important to keep sharp and dangerous items out of reach so that they do not injure themselves.
Touch should be encouraged, though, and you should allow your baby to play with as many baby safe items as possible. Try letting them mush a banana with their hands, stroke the fur of an animal, or bang on loud, solid surfaces. Your baby’s sense of touch will improve with every object they feel.
Average Baby Weight and Physical Changes
The average baby weight for a 10-month old is between 21 and 23 pounds for a boy and 19 to 21 pounds for a girl. The average baby length is between 28 and 30 inches for both boys and girls.
Parents should not place too much importance on average measurements, though, and the range of “normal” is very wide at this stage. As long as your child is consistently gaining weight and growing, they are likely very healthy. Your doctor will monitor their physical changes and development at your baby’s scheduled check-ups throughout the first year.
Baby Movement Milestones
Most ten-month-old babies can crawl, stand up from a seated position with support, and take a few supports while holding on to furniture. As they approach their first birthday, walking is just around the corner and, before you know it, your baby will be taking their first independent steps.
A baby’s coordination and fluidity improve with age and, by 10 months, they can grab objects using a pincer grasp (between their thumb and index finger) and will be able to pass an object from one hand to another.
Baby Vision Development
Over the past few months your baby’s eyesight has been progressing rapidly. They will now be able to clearly make out objects close to them and some objects in the distance. A 10-month baby can also track objects that are moving by following them with their eyes.
During the first few months of your child’s life, they are only able to recognize your presence from your scent and sound. Now, your child will be able to recognize you clearly using their vision and will also be able to identify strangers.
Your baby’s improvement in vision is synonymous with an improved hand-eye coordination. A ten-month-old baby has a good level of depth perception and can reach for objects in front of them with greater accuracy.
If you are worried about your child’s vision, an eye exam should be scheduled to test their vision. Common eye problems in young children include the following:
- Otherwise known as “lazy eye”, amblyopia is caused when a child’s eyes are crossed and can lead to poor vision in a particular eye. It is best treated as soon as possible.
- This condition is a misalignment of the eyes and is usually treated by placing a patch over the correctly aligned eye in order to force the unevenly aligned eye to develop.
- Refractive errors. A common eye problem among children occurs when the shape of an eye reduces the ability to bend light properly. The most common problems associated with refractive errors are nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.
Baby Hearing Development
At 10-months old, your baby will be able to understand and recognize different words. They can also respond to certain commands, such as “no” or “where’s (object)?” and will often react accordingly.
Your baby’s ability to talk is strongly associated with their hearing development. Reading and talking regularly with your child will help them learn new sounds and patterns of speech. Most babies can make vowel sounds and some consonant sounds by 10 months and you’ll likely have heard your first “mama” or “dada” – though it might not be directed to you, yet.
Baby Sense of Smell Development
A baby’s sense of smell is very important for navigating the world around them. They use their sense of smell to detect unrecognizable people, which can often lead to stranger anxiety (becoming upset or crying in the presence of someone unknown). If your baby experiences stranger anxiety while being held by someone new to them, reassure them to let them know that they are safe and secure.
A ten-month-old baby will also be developing their food preferences, too. As you introduce solid foods into their diet, try and include a wide variety of different flavors and smells so that your baby becomes acquainted with different foods from an early age. It’s highly likely that a baby will have similar taste preferences to their mother, too, as they pick up on the scents of food whilst in the womb.
Baby Feeding Schedule
A 10-month baby needs to consume between 750 and 900 calories each day, split evenly between solid foods and breastmilk or formula. They will be curious to try new and different flavors, but don’t be surprised if your child doesn’t take to a food at the first attempt – sometimes it can take as many as 10 tries before your baby develops a liking for a food.
Now that your baby is introducing solid foods into their diet, you may want to consider including them if you’re planning to go to a restaurant. It’s a good idea to call ahead, though, to make sure that the outlet is baby-friendly and has a highchair. Consider taking a toy with you to keep your child occupied if they become unruly and take plenty of baby wipes to prepare for the likely mess that will be made.
Baby Sleep Schedule
If you’re wondering how much a 10-month old needs to sleep, not much has change from the previous months. Your baby will still need around 13 to 14 hours of sleep everyday and will be sleeping for longer stretches throughout the night. Daytime naps are still important, however, as they need to rest and recuperate from all the activities they get up to in the energetic portion of the day.
How to Change Baby Sleep Schedule
If your child is having difficulty keeping to a daily sleep routine. There are a few things that you can do to ease the transition:
- Gradual schedule migration. By changing their bedtime slowly in small increments each day, the transition will be seamless, and your child might not even notice the change.
- Turn off all lights and electronics. At least 30 minutes before bedtime, your baby should not be exposed to bright lights or screens that will keep their senses stimulated. Instead, try to maintain a hushed and dimly lit environment.
- Limit evening playtime. By skewing playing sessions towards the morning, not only will your baby learn things quicker due to their heightened awareness, but it will also tire your child out for the evenings and leave them more likely to have a good night of rest.
Baby Emotional Development Milestones: Tenth Month
10-month old babies have usually formed strong emotional bonds with the people that frequent their daily lives and they will feel comforted by the presence of a parent or caregiver. This increased emotional intelligence, though, can also lead to separation anxiety. If your child is upset on the evening when you put them to sleep, it’s because they don’t know when you are going to return – a baby has very little concept of time. Try to allow your child enough time to self-soothe before comforting them.
Baby Daily Routine at Month 10
Developing a daily routine for your baby is a very personal thing and will be dependent on your specific circumstances. One parent’s schedule may look completely different to another. It’s a good idea, though, to be mindful of your child’s requirements when devising a daily routine.
- A 10-month baby needs 13 to 14 hours sleep per day, including 2 to 3 daytime naps.
- At this age, a baby requires 750 to 900 calories per day and should be receiving half of those calories through solid foods.
- Bathing your baby 3 to 4 times a week is usually sufficient at this stage, though you can bathe the, everyday if they enjoy the water. It’s important to keep an eye out for skin irritations, though, as over washing can lead to dehydrated skin.
- Regular playtime should be allocated within your baby’s daily routine as it is essential for their physical, social, emotional and mental development. Limit playtime on the evening, though, as this could keep your child awake for longer.
Baby Causes for Concern at Month 10
Many parents and caregivers worry that their baby isn’t developing at the correct rate. Though most concerns turn out to be minor issues, it’s important to know when to seek further medical advice. You should talk to your doctor if your child displays any of the following symptoms.
- Constant eye rubbing and soreness of the eyes.
- Inability to track moving objects.
- Doesn’t respond to sound.
- Refusal to eat.
- Fever in conjunction with other harsh symptoms such as vomiting or diarrhea.
- Lack of interest in playing or interacting with people.
Baby Checklist at Month 10
- Schedule the first dentist appointment.
- Baby proof your home.
- Prepare a first aid kit in case of accidents and injuries.
- Monitor your baby’s mental and physical development.
- Look out for symptoms of illness.
How do I know my baby is developing?
It can be difficult to know how fast your baby is developing as all babies make progress at different rates. It is never a good idea to compare your baby to someone else’s as the likelihood is that they are growing up according to different timetables.
That being said, most babies should have reached certain milestones by the time they are 10-months old, such as attempting to crawl, recognizing their own name, making vowel sounds, and tracking moving objects with their eyes.
How can I help my baby’s development?
Parents and caregivers can support their child’s development in a number of ways. Allow them ample time to move around on the floor and don’t be tempted to carry your child everywhere. This will encourage them to exercise their muscles.
It is also recommended to read and talk to your child as much as possible so that they can hear the sounds of different combinations of vowels and consonants. Encouraging them to play with other children will also aid their emotional and social development.
What age do babies start doing things?
A 10-month baby may be able to stand up and move while holding on to support – some children can even stand up without support at this stage. After their first birthday, it’s likely that you will see them walking independently for the first time and, from 18 months onwards, they will start to string together two to four-word sentences.